Fats and Oils

The body requires fats for many biological functions such as cellular function, hormone production, for healthy skin and as an energy source. The type of fats we need, such as Essential Fatty Acids (EFA's), are very specific and 'healthful' to the body. The two main EFA's are Omega 3 (alpha-linolenic acid) and Omega-6 (linoleic acid) fatty acids. They are considered essential because the body cannot manufacture them, yet they are essential for life. These fatty acids are responsible for many bodily functions like growth, immune system function, the production of hormones such as insulin and sex-hormones, and the integrity of cell membranes. Nuts, seeds and their cold-pressed oils are the best sources of these EFAs. Salmon is also a good source of Omega 3, but one must ensure that the fish is clean. Choosing these good quality fats over detrimental hydrogenated fats will help the body protect itself against degenerative disease and promote optimal health.

Saturated Fat

Saturated fats have received a lot of critical attention, but their importance in small doses cannot be undermined. All three types of fat (saturated, monounsaturated and poly-unsaturated) are necessary for the proper physiological functions of the human body.

Saturated fats can tolerate heat and light better as their potential to chemically react is quite low in comparison with unsaturated fats. A saturated fat is a carbon-chain fat molecule with the greatest number of hydrogen molecules attached to it. An unsaturated fat, by contrast, has locations where instead of a hydrogen atom, there is a double carbon bond. This area is a potential haven of activity, and is likely to chemically react into unhealthy molecules such as trans-fatty acid when pressures such as excessive heat are applied to it. Therefore clarified butter and other animal fats and coconut oil considered better fats for cooking.


An essential fatty acid that our bodies put to use literally everywhere—our eyes, hair and skin, our brain, heart, nerves and joints. Flaxseed oil is nature’s most abundant vegetarian source of Omega-3 Fatty Acids.


Omega-6 Fatty Acids are broken down by the body into LA (Linoleic Acid) and GLA (Gamma Linoleic Acid) which have been shown to help with skin disorders like eczema and psoriasis. Omega-6 Fatty Acids are found in many vegetable oils including canola, soy and safflower, and in supplement oils such as borage and evening primrose oil.


Important monounsaturated fats occur naturally in our bodies, but are also prevalent in kitchen staples like olive oil and canola oil. Olive oil has been proven to raise good cholesterol (HDL) and lower bad cholesterol (LDL), and has more antioxidants than any other oil, including one that has been shown to lower blood pressure.

Hydrogenation and Trans-fatty Acids

Trans-fats may well be our worst enemy. Trans-fats are formed during a chemical process called hydrogenation hereby cellular chains of fats are artificially altered to create a more solid, stable substance. The result is virtually impossible for our bodies to break down. Despite the grave concern that trans-fats may be a leading contributor to heart disease, cancer and other maladies, many mass food manufacturers continue to use hydrogenation to enhance shelf stability.

"Slowly, discriminating consumers are returning to eating habits of pre-procesessing days and regaining health.  If the trend catches on, the incidence of degenerative diseases will decrease."

Udo Erasmus

Come to the Big Carrot Natural Food Market!


Our hours of operation Juice Bar Winter Hours
Monday-Friday 9:00-9:00
Saturday 9:00-8:00
Sunday 10:00-6:00
Monday-Friday 8:30-8:00
Saturday 9:00-7:00
Sunday 10:00-6:00

We are closed on Victoria Day Monday, May 21st.

Give us a call 416-466-2129

The Big Carrot is located in the Carrot Common, 348 Danforth Ave. 3 Blocks east of Broadview Ave. or 1 block west of the Chester subway.

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Metered Parking is available on Danforth Ave. and in the Carrot Common parking lot.